Exercise Can Improve Function and Reduce Pain in Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis, which is also referred to as degenerative joint disease, is the most common type of arthritis and is especially common among older people. Cartilage, the tissue that covers the bone ends where bones meet to form a joint, is mostly affected by osteoarthritis. Cartilage is essential for maintaining pain-free joint movements as this facilitates the gliding of bones over one another.

Osteoarthritis is a condition in which the surface layer of cartilage has broken and worn away, resulting in the two bones rubbing against each other, which may lead to swelling, pain, and even loss of motion. The joints affected by osteoarthritis over a period of time may lose their normal shape and become prone to the development of small deposits of bones that grow on the joint edges, known as osteophytes. Another factor that may result in more damage and pain is the breaking off of cartilage and bone bits, which may then float inside the joint space.

People who have osteoarthritis benefit from eating well, which may help them control their weight and, in turn, may minimize the stress on their joints and exercise. Exercises for osteoarthritis may extend the joints’ motion range, help regulate weight, and strengthen muscles. Below are a range of exercises that can help reduce pain in osteoarthritis.

Strengthening Exercises

The strengthening exercises are aimed at strengthening muscles, which support the joints that have been adversely affected by osteoarthritis. The strengthening exercises can be performed with exercise bands and weights, which add resistance.

Agility and Balance Exercises

These exercise help in the maintenance of the necessary daily living skills, helping you reduce pain in osteoarthritis.

Aerobic Exercises

The aerobic exercises recommended for individuals suffering from osteoarthritis are low-impact ones, including brisk walking.

Range of Motion Activities

These exercises are aimed at keeping the joints limber. However, your therapist or doctor may best determine the exercises that are best for you and can help reduce pain in osteoarthritis. In the event you have swelling or a sore joint, you may need to ask your doctor for exercise guidelines. Your doctor may also prescribe pain-relieving drugs, such as anti-inflammatory or analgesic drugs, to make exercise easier on your joints. They may also have you use ice after exercise.

Exercise is rated among the best treatments available for osteoarthritis, as it can help individuals suffering from osteoarthritis to increase flexibility, maintain weight, and improve outlook, as well as reduce pain in osteoarthritis. The form and volume of exercise will, however, be influenced by factors including the joints involved, the stability of the joints, whether the joint is swollen or not, and whether or not joint replacement has been carried out.

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